Dynastie des Omeyyades.

 


 

Pour les ancêtres cf: Dynastie de Mahomet (d'où les numéros de générations entre parenthèses).

Première branche.

I (XIX) Abd Shams.

            8 enfants:

                - Umayya. cf: dessous.

                - Rabi'a.

                - Sofjân.

                - Abd Umayya.

                - Naufal.

                            Descendance.

                - Umayya.

                - Abd El-Uzza.

                            Descendance.

                - Habib.

                            Descendance.

 

II (XX) Umayya. Il fonde le clan des Omeyyades.

            7 enfants:

                - Achub-Ic.

                            Descendant.

                - Kâlid abn Sa'id. cf: dessous.

                - El-Aci.

                            Descendant.

                - Cafiyya.

                - Harb ou El-Anâbis.

                            2 enfants:

                                - Abu Sofyân.

                                            10 enfants:

                                                - Zabib Mu'awiya I calife 657-680. Il se révolte contre Ali et il réside à Damas.

                                                            4 enfants:

                                                                - Cafiyya.

                                                                - Ramla.

                                                                - Yazid I calife 680-683.

                                                                            4 enfants:

                                                                                - Châlid.

                                                                                - Anni.

                                                                                            1 enfant:

                                                                                                - Abdallah.

                                                                                - Abdallah.

                                                                                - Abd El-Rahman.

                                                                - Hind Abdallah.

                                                                            1 enfant:

                                                                                - Atika.

                                                - Amr.

                                                            3 enfants:

                                                                - Hina El-Walia.

                                                                - Amr.

                                                                            1 enfant:

                                                                                - Mu'awiya II calife 683-684 abdique, mort en 684.

                                                                                            2 enfants:

                                                                                                - Amr.

                                                                                                            1 enfant:

                                                                                                                - Obeidallah.

                                                                                                                            1 enfant:

                                                                                                                                - Muhammed

                                                                                                                                   El-Otbi.

                                                                                                - Abd El-Hahman.

                                                                                                            1 enfant:

                                                                                                                - Muhammed.

                                                                                                                            1 enfant:

                                                                                                                                - Othman.

                                                                - Mu'awiya.

                                                - Utba.

                                                - Umm El-Hakam.

                                                - Goweiria.

                                                - Amina.

                                                - Ramla.

                                                - Anbassa.

                                                            Descendance.

                                                - Muhammed.

                                                            Descendance.

                                                - Ziyâd.

                                                            Descendance.

                                - El-Harith.

                                            Descendant.

                - Tauba.

                - Arwa.

 

III (XXI) Kâlid abn Sa'id ou Abul-Aci.

            4 enfants:

                - El-Dugira.

                            Descendant.

                - El-Hakam. cf: dessous.

                - Affân.

                            3 enfants:

                                - Arnab.

                                - Amina.

                                - Othman calife. cf: dessous (Deuxième branche).

                - Cofayya.

 

IV (XXII) El-Hakam.

            3 enfants:

                - El-Harith.

                - Marwan I calife. cf: dessous.

                - Jahja.

 

V (XXIII) Marwan I calife 684-685.

            8 enfants:

                - Muhammed.

                            1 enfant:

                                - Marwan II El-Himar calife 744-750 abdique, exécuté en 756.

                - Mu'awiya.

                - Abd El-Malik calife. cf: dessous.

                - Amr.

                - Abd El-Aziz.

                        épouse: Umm Açim.

                            3 enfants:

                                - Omar II calife 717-720.

                                        épouse: Fatima.

                                            3 enfants:

                                                - Abdallah.

                                                - Abd El-Malik.

                                                - Amina.

                                - El-Açbag.

                                            1 enfant:

                                                - Muç'ab.

                                                            1 enfant:

                                                                - Dihja.

                                - Açim.

                                            1 enfant:

                                                - Sofjân.

                                                            1 enfant:

                                                                - El-Açbag.

                - Abân.

                - Bischr.

                - Dawud.

 

VI (XXIV) Abd El-Malik calife 685-705.

        épouse: Walâda.

            8 enfants:

                - El-Walid I calife 705-715.

                            2 enfants:

                                - Yazid III calife 744-744.

                                - Ibrahim calife 744-744.

                - El-Haggâg.

                            1 enfant:

                                - Abd El-Aziz.

                - Soleïman calife 715-716.

                            1 enfant:

                                - Ayyûb.

                - Maslama.

                - Yazid II calife 720-724.

                            1 enfant:

                                - El-Walid II calife 743-744.

                                            2 enfants:

                                                - El-Hakam.

                                                - Othmân.

                - Bakhâr.

                - Hishâm calife. cf: dessous.

                - Sa'id.

 

VII (XXV) Hishâm calife 724-743.

            3 enfants:

                - Mu'awiya. cf: dessous.

                - Soleïman.

                - Sa'id.

 

VIII (XXVI) Mu'awiya.

            2 enfants:

                - El-Walid.

                            1 enfant:

                                - El-Mugira.

                - Abd El-Rahman I émir de Cordoue. cf: dessous.

 

IX (XXVII) Abd El-Rahman I El-Dahil ("L'Exilé") émir de Cordoue 756-788. Il est le seul Omeyyade à pouvoir s'enfuir et il se réfugie à Cordoue (Espagne). Il détache la Péninsule du contrôle abbasside, même s'il reconnaît nominalement le calife de Bagdad.

            2 enfants:

                - Soleïman.

                - Hishâm I émir de Cordoue. cf: dessous.

 

X (XXVIII) Hishâm I émir de Cordoue 788-796.

            1 enfant:

                - El-Hakam I émir de Cordoue. cf: dessous.

 

XI (XXIX) El-Hakam I émir de Cordoue 796-822.

            1 enfant:

                - Abd El-Rahman II émir de Cordoue. cf: dessous.

 

XII (XXX) Abd El-Rahman II émir de Cordoue 822-852.

            1 enfant:

                - Muhammed I émir de Cordoue. cf: dessous.

 

XIII (XXXI) Muhammed I émir de Cordoue 852-886.

            2 enfants:

                - El-Mundhir émir de Cordoue 886-888.

                - Abdallah émir de Cordoue. cf: dessous.

 

XIV (XXXII) Abdallah émir de Cordoue 888-912.

        épouse en 863: Onneca fille de Fortun I roi de Navarre. cf: Dynastie de Navarre.

            1 enfant d'une autre femme:

                - Abd El-Rahman III calife de Cordoue. cf: dessous.

 

XV (XXXIII) Abd El-Rahman III El-Nasir ("Le Victorieux") émir de Cordoue 912-929, puis calife de Cordoue 929-961. Son califat s'étend sur la Péninsule contrôlée par les musulmans.

            5 enfants:

                - El-Hakam II El-Mustansir calife de Cordoue 961-976.

                        épouse: Sobh.

                            1 enfant:

                                - Hishâm II El-Manzor El-Muayyad calife de Cordoue 976-1009 et 1010-1013 exécuté.

                - Obeidallah.

                            1 enfant:

                                - Abd El-Rahman.

                                            1 enfant:

                                                - Muhammed III El-Mustakfi calife de Cordoue 1024-1025.

                - Abd El-Djabbar.

      nbsp;                         - Muhammed III El-Mustakfi calife de Cordoue 1024-1025.

                - Abd El-Djabbar.

      nbsp;                         - Muhammed III El-Mustakfi calife de Cordoue 1024-1025.

                - Abd El-Djabbar.

                            1 enfant:

                                - Hishâm.

                                            2 enfants:

                                                - Muhammed II El-Mahdi calife de Cordoue 1009-1009 abdique, mort en 1010.

                                                - Abd El-Rahman V El-Mustazhir calife de Cordoue 1023-1024.

                - Abdallah.

                            1 enfant:

                                - Muhammed.

                                            3 enfants:

                                                - El-Mustadhi.

                                                - Abd El-Rahman IV El-Muslada calife de Cordoue 1018-1018.

                                                - Hishâm III El-Mutadd calife de Cordoue 1026-1031 abdique, mort en 1036.

                - Soleïman.

                            1 enfant:

                                - El-Hakam.

                                            1 enfant:

                                                - Soleïman El-Musta'in calife de Cordoue 1009-1010 et 1013-1016.

 


 

Deuxième branche.

V (XXIII) Othman calife 644-656 assassiné. Il ne fait pas partie de la dynastie des Omeyyades.

        épouse en         : Roquaya fille de Mahomet, morte en 624. cf: Dynastie de Mahomet.

                      en 625: Oum Koulthoum fille de Mahomet, morte en 631. cf: Dynastie de Mahomet.

                      en         : Bosra.

            1 enfant du premier mariage:

                - Abd Allah mort en bas âge (petit-fils du prophète).

            8 enfants du troisième mariage.

                - Aïscha.

                - Sa'id.

                - Châlid.

                - Amr.

                        épouse: Ramla.

                            5 enfants:

                                - Othmân.

                                - Châlid.

                                - Abdallah.

                                            7 enfants:

                                                - Muhammed.

                                                - El-Kasim.

                                                - Rocayya.

                                                - Châlid.

                                                            1 enfant:

                                                                - Sa'id.

                                                                            1 enfant:

                                                                                - Abdallah.

                                                                                            1 enfant:

                                                                                                - Ahmed.

                                                                                                            1 enfant:

                                                                                                                - Muhammed.

                                                - Umayya.

                                                - Omar.

                                                            1 enfant:

                                                                - Abdallah.

                                                - Sa'da.

                                - El-Mitraf.

                                - Bokeis.

                - Abd El-Malik.

                        épouse: Omm Kulthûm.

                - Abân. cf: dessous.

                - Umm.

                - Omar.

                            4 enfants:

                                - Zeid.

                                - Açim.

                                - Umm.

                                - Ayy.

 

VI (XXIV) Abân.

            1 enfant:

                - Abd El-Rahman. cf: dessous.

 

VII (XXV) Abd El-Rahman.

            1 enfant:

                - El-Kasim. cf: dessous.

 

VIII (XXVI) El-Kasim.

            1 enfant:

                - El-Walid. cf: dessous.

 

IX (XXVII) El-Walid.

            1 enfant:

                - El-Kasim. cf: dessous.

 

X (XXVIII) El-Kasim.

            1 enfant:

                - Abd El-Rahman. cf: dessous.

 

XI (XXIX) Abd El-Rahman.

            1 enfant:

                - Muhammed. cf: dessous.

 

XII (XXX) Muhammed.

            1 enfant:

                - El-Hosein. cf: dessous.

 

XIII (XXXI) El-Hosein.

            1 enfant:

                - Ali. cf: dessous.

 

XIV (XXXII) Ali.

            1 enfant:

                - Abd El-Aziz. cf: dessous.

 

XV (XXXIII) Abd El-Aziz.

            1 enfant:

                - Jahya. cf: dessous.

 

XVI (XXXIV) Jahya.

            1 enfant:

                - Muhammed. cf: dessous.

 

XVII (XXXV) Muhammed.

            1 enfant:

                - Ali. cf: dessous.

 

XVIII (XXXVI) Ali.

            1 enfant:

                - Muhammed.

 


Les dynasties musulmanes.

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